Termeh a Magnificent Art
If you are one of those people who are interested in handicrafts of different countries, you have probably heard the name of cashmere cloth. In this article, we want to introduce you to the art of Termeh weaving, which is one of the old arts of Iran. Of course, this fabric is mostly produced today with the help of weaving machines, but traditional fabric, which is woven by craftsmen, still has international value as a precious handicraft.
it is a type of fabric that is very popular as a great gift and a popular souvenir among Iranians. It is used to decorate things such as aristocratic and luxurious clothes, table tops, boxes, shoes and backs. This magnificent and beautiful hand woven cloth has many fans even around the world.
It is a precious fabric that is known all over the world as an art and symbol of Iran and Iranians. This beautiful fabric with different and glorious designs and colors has many symbols of ancient Iran. Therefore, Termeh is one of the best Iranian souvenirs and gifts. This beautiful fabric has different designs, but the most famous design that is used in it is called Bateh Jaqeh. It can be said that most Iranians have seen this symbol on their fabrics, carpets and dishes. Bete-Jaqeh is a symbol of the Persian cypress tree. The Persian cypress was a symbol of the freedom among the people of ancient Iran. Another symbol in this colorful fabric is Shah Abbasi flower. Shah Abbasi flower is also a famous Iranian symbol and a symbol of the sun and vitality.
Cashmere production process
This fabric is usually woven using wool or silk. The wool is first washed and then bleached until it is ready to be dyed. Wool absorbs color better, so usually is used to weave this beautiful hand woven cloth. In the dyeing process, plant pigments and synthetic dyes can be used. Iranian If you are one of those people who are interested in handicrafts of different countries, you have probably heard the name of cashmere cloth. is woven in green, red, jujube, black and orange and today we see more diverse designs and colors.
This fabric has very fine fibers, but is a very high quality and durable. Therefore, This fabric, in addition to its unique beauty, has long been considered by the Iranian people due to its long durability compared to other fabrics. Termeh is woven in different designs, colors and sizes in various applications.
Today, most people use this beautiful art to decorate their home or workplace. Perhaps one of the most important situations in which most people use this fabric is during celebrations and Nowruz.This fabric is used as a Haftsin tablecloth (we will write about Haftsin later).
In the past, people used to weave it by hand and use it for variouspurposes. But with the advent of new weaving technologies, this fabric is now woven by machine. Of course, the traditional and manual production of this product, despite not being cost-effective (as handicrafts) still continues.
The beginning of If you are one of those people who are interested in handicrafts of different countries, you have probably heard the name of cashmere cloth. weaving in Iran dates back to the early Safavid period. However, some researchers believe that the main origin of its Central Asia and Kashmir. Some also believe that Termeh weaving first started in Iran and then spread to Kashmir. What can be said about this very delicate cloth is that initiative of the Iranians in the delicacy of its texture, material and imaginative designs is unique in the world. This art reached its peak of prosperity and development during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid. It gained worldwide fame and became one of Iran’s export products.
Traditional Termeh production steps
A) Providing Raw materials
The first stage of cashmere weaving is the preparation of raw materials. As mentioned earlier, it cloth is usually woven from wool and silk. White wool is the most common wool used in it because it can be dyed with any color you want.The wool of this fabric should be of high quality and have long fibers. The period of Shah Abbas Safavid can be considered as its peak and flourishing period. He invited skilled and prominent artists from China and Armenia to Iran to teach their art to Iranians, which is why the cloths of that time found a special beauty and glory.
B) Washing wool
The next step is to clean the wool from grease and dirt in it, which must be done before dyeing.
C) Wool bleaching
In Iran, two methods are used to bleach wool.
Method 1: The wool was spread in the meadow to absorb the dew and evaporate it to become whiter during the day, and this was done in several steps.
Method 2: Use sulfur derivatives to bleach wool.
D) Fixing the color
After the wool has been bleached enough, it is time for the dyeing stage, which is one of the most important steps in preparing wool for Termeh. Dyes that are used directly are not durable and stable, so Iranian weavers use special additives to solve this problem. The most common materials used for this purpose are alum – tin – zinc – chlorine – lead and other sulfates that are minerals as well as ad sumac, leaves, and so on.
E) Dyeing by natural and plant pigments
Wool yarns used in the production of traditional Termeh are usually dyed using plant dyes. This color may be obtained from the roots, trunk, leaves, flowers, fruits or bark of plants.
this fabric is a beautiful cloth that can make any home more beautiful. It is more interesting to note that this cloth is hundreds of years old.
Buy cashmere from alicity store
In the nest articles, we will refer to other aspects of Iranian art and culture. Follow us.