Art of Turquoise

Turquoise, a luxury art

Have you ever heard of turquoise art? In the past, some works of art were found only in the homes of wealthy and aristocratic people, but today these arts are available to the public with the same quality and perhaps higher. This art is one of the subsets of Iranian handicrafts that is more common in Isfahan and Tehran. Of course, it can not be considered an ancient art and is less than 100 years old, however, it has already attracted the attention of many domestic and foreign tourists. It is said that he first started from Mashhad in Iran and moved to Isfahan after twenty years.

Turquoise can be placed on various objects such as plates, glasses, copper glass, etc. The production process has several stages, one of which is the creation of its infrastructure. This step is done in a gold shop. Today, in Iran, the production of these objects is common only in Isfahan and the number of specialists active in this field is very small.

Turquoise

production stage

A turquoise object can be an object made of brass, silver, copper or bronze. Small pieces of stone are glued to the surface of these objects in a special and regular way, thus creating a beautiful and special appearance. The manufacturing process can be divided into two parts:

1) Gold cutting step

It means preparing a metal object to stick parts to it. Once the design and materials of the body are determined, thin metal strands are placed around the parts where the turquoise stones are to be installed. These metal strands are soldered to the surface of the metal body. Therefore, an area is formed on a metal metal object whose walls are about 2 to 3 mm high. Sometimes soldered metal threads on the work surface can be used as a tool to design and decorate the metal surface. In this case, in addition to the beauty of the body, its strength and durability will also increase
2) Adhesion
Before attaching turquoise stones to the body, the sand is first washed and removed. This allows the artist to choose the right dimensions of the stone depending on the size of the object and the design, and to create a uniform surface on the surface of the metal object by using a combination of large and small stones. In the next step, the metal object is heated (approximately 30 ° C) and a special powder is sprinkled on the parts where the stone is to be glued. This special powder melts on the metal surface. In this case, when the metal surface is viscous
turquoise art

turquoise stones are glued to the surface of the metal object on a regular basis, based on pre-determined sizes. These stones are placed next to each other so that there is no empty space between them. Sometimes, in order to avoid empty space between the stones, the stones are installed at a higher temperature (for example, 40 degrees Celsius) so that after the metal object cools, the stones stick completely to each other.

This step is done manually. In the next step, the surface of the stones is sanded to remove excess glue and the work surface is thoroughly cleaned and polished. When you look at the surface, the blue parts are actually stones and the brown parts are special adhesives.In the next step, the necessary corrective details are done on the object and using a hand tool or a special blade, the opaque and dark layers created on the work in the previous steps are removed. At the end of this step, a thin layer of polyester covers the turquoise part to add to its beauty. An important point to consider in this process is that the stones are mounted on the metal object with sufficient precision and strength. If you are not careful enough at this stage, after a while the stones may separate from the metal surface. The denser the stones on a metal object (the less space there is between them), the more valuable they are.
Iranian handicrafts

Application of turquoise

This art can also be considered a luxury and decorative art. It should be noted that both objects and jewelry can be decorated in this way, so you should not think that turquoise is only for metal objects. Today, in addition to objects and ornaments, this art is also used to make precious paintings. Today, there are various platforms through which you can get Iranian handicrafts. If you are interested in arts and crafts,In other articles, we will introduce you to other Iranian handicrafts such as minakari ,termeh and other handicrafts of this country. follow us.
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